Becoming a luthier and launching yourself into the fascinating beautiful universe of the lutherie tempts you? We talk here about the profession of the luthier and the training in lutherie: for all those passionate about guitar and string musical instruments.
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- The lutherie: what is it?
- What does the luthier do?
- Sound, form, aesthetics
- Technical missions in lutherie
- Music: collaborating with musicians
- Lutherie training: skills
- Luthier studies and training Integrating a lutherie
- school What opportunities in the field of
- Salary of a luthier
Plan de l'article
Lutherie: what is it?
The lutherie is a separate sector. You enter the world of rope musical instrument making and into the world of guitar in particular. Lutherie consists of hand making rope and wooden musical instruments . The process of making these instruments, whether it is a violin, a guitar or a double bass, for example, requires very sophisticated know-how.
Artisanal lutherie is competed by the leading guitar and violin manufacturers (Yamaha, Fender, etc.). Having said that, becoming a luthier is a project that involves a passion , know-how and expertise that only the artisanal manufacturing benefit.
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What does the luthier do?
Installed in his luthier workshop, the luthier has an exciting job, at the heart of the universe of musical instruments. A luthier manufactures musical instruments by bringing his paw. From step to step, he sees the guitar, violin or any other stringed and wooden instrument.
The luthier or specialist in lutherie takes care of the manufacture of a guitar from the beginning to the end. From the idea to the finished product and the guitar that will find its owner, he creates sketches and reflects on criteria of resonance, timbre and aesthetics.
A specialist in lutherie knows how to choose the woods to make his musical instruments. He can design a guitar expressly for someone or make his musical instruments without a precise idea, and then offer them for sale to individuals.
Sound, shape, aesthetics
A luthier is not just a craftsman in lutherie. He must cope with the expectations of musicians in terms of sound. It therefore has an “ear”, just as a perfumer has a “nose”. The choice of wood will have a great influence on the resonance capacity of the instruments. By choosing his materials, the luthier knows what rendering he will have, both in terms of resonance (sound), aesthetics and possibilities in terms of forms.
If the shape of musical instruments is usually the same, a luthier may have special controls to make a custom guitar. Every good guitarist thus has his own luthier if he wants to have the perfect rendering with his musical instruments.
Music is a science that requires precision. A musical instrument will not sound the same way if it is made by hand or in an industrial way.
Technical missions in lutherie
In luthier, every luthier must prepare to work the wood long, wide and crosswise. It cuts, size, it gives shape. He sculpts the wood, the planer and spends time refining a shape or detail about the future wooden instrument.
It provides for the exact number of parts to be assembled, manufactures them and assembles the components of the future guitar. The parts are mounted and then glued together. Only a luthier or a luthier specialist can perform these gestures of precision and intended to last. A machine will not give the same quality: that is why the profession and profession of luthier are specific.
Finally, to finish his room, a varnishing process is required. The wood of the instrument is protected and can therefore have a better service life. After completing this process, the strings of the instrument — guitar, violin or other — can be mounted.
Music: collaborating with musicians
The luthier also grants the musical instrument, which makes him an expert craftsman. The sound must be perfect and match its expectations original.
To perfect his instrument and to have a certain reputation in the luthier, the luthier works closely with the musicians if he receives specific manufacturing requests . The luthier can improve the way a guitar sounds by changing its shape and reworking the strings.
Moreover, the profession of a luthier also involves after-sales service and restoration works of musical instruments that require it.
Training in lutherie: skills
To enter the lutherie, very sharp training is required. This profession is not invented and must above all be a passion. To go to the lutherie, we will rely on the creativity of the learner. He can then give free rein to his art by creating unique musical instruments.
The luthier is also a musician since he knows how to play his own musical instruments and has an infallible musical ear. The skills expected when you want to become a luthier are above all patience and taste for personal requirement. Being adaptable and knowing how to understand a specific command of a musician is an essential quality.
Luthier studies and training
To become a luthier, training is not long. You go out with a Tray 3. The training in lutherie is so specific that it is not offered in a common way throughout France.
There is thus the CAP (Certificate of Professional Aptitude) with mention lutherie, archetier worker or technical assistant musical instrument guitar option. This type of training takes you into the universe of the lutherie.
You can then specialize and pass a BMA (Crafts Patent) . The BMA Technician in instrumental invoice guitar option. Additional training in lutherie exists if you want to go further, during 2 years in post-graduate.
If you wish to obtain your DMA (Diploma des Crafts d’Art), you will need to complete a course of 2 years after your bachelor’s degree.
Integrating a lutherie school
It is possible to integrate private curricula in a school, for example. In Lyon, CFA SEPR welcomes you. There is also the private lutherie school located in Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone, but also the Lycée Fernand Léger located in Bédarieux. these schools are high places of training in lutherie.
The complementary training of 2 years is offered in Briantes (George Sand High School ).
For your DMA, Mirecourt will have to go to high school Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume. Mirecourt also hosts a private international lutherie school (Jean-Jacques Pagès ).
What opportunities in the lutherie?
After a course in lutherie, you have the opportunity to set up your own workshop. It should be noted that in France, the outlets are tight and few for a luthier. It is your passion and perseverance that will pay and lead you to what you may be made for.
With your talent, you can have the chance to work with big names in music. By pushing training, beyond the craft of a luthier, you can become an archeter , an extremely sharp specialty.
A luthier must have a motivation and resource in him to get out of the lot and make a place in the lutherie.
Salary of a luthier
The salary of a novice luthier will be around the SMIC. A young luthier or a young Luthier can work in a workshop as an assistant. The skills acquired will be bonuses to claim a better salary. Thrive your talent by becoming a luthier and following a training in lutherie in France!