Kiwi is a very special fruit that is now cultivated in our regions. It is a liana and not a tree, which must meet several conditions in order to produce fruit. Want to grow your own kiwis yourself? You are told how to grow kiwi.
Article map Kiwi, a fruit from
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- a liana
- The ideal conditions for growing kiwi
- Male, female and hybrid
- A plant full of vigor
- The ideal environment for growing kiwi
- Planting your nursery kiwi
- Palising for welcome kiwi
- tips for growing kiwi fruit
- Pruning actinidia
- Harvest your own kiwi fruit
Plan de l'article
Kiwi, a fruit from a liana
If kiwi is very easily found in our plates today, you should know that it does not have not always been so. Kiwi comes straight to us from China and more particularly from Central China. This fruit grows on a fairly unruly liana of nature, called Actinidia . It is a relatively rustic plant that withstands temperatures up to — 20 °C.
Present on our European continent for about a century, it makes branches and acclimates rather well. Actinidia has managed to regain favorable weather conditions for its development: this is why we even find areas of kiwi fruit production in France , in the Adour basin, south of the Landes. The climate is mild and humid, everything it does with kiwi and has actinidia to grow with serenity.
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Ideal conditions for growing kiwi
First of all, it is necessary to know that actinidia requires several criteria to be able to produce the fruit we know. Since actinidia is a species of dioecious plant , it must, like ginkgo or cycas meet its alter ego to make fruit.
When buying an actinidia, it is necessary to plan a plant with male flowers and several feet of plants with female flowers. In the nursery, retailers sometimes have actinidia plants that are self-fertile, which remains rare but quite innovative. This means that by buying a single foot of actinidia, the plant will carry both female and male flowers.
Male, female and hybrid
To meet the two on these feet of actinidia “solo”, “solissimo” and “jenny”, the plant then produces fruit in quantity! The principle is interesting even if it moves away from the nature of actinidia and its quite amazing peculiarity. This allows people with a small garden tosave space and still have kiwi fruit.
A plant full of vigor
The liana Actinidia responsible for the production of kiwi fruit is exceptionally vigorous and rustic. With its tangled branches, large and broad heart-like leaves, and bristled young branches, actinidia can quickly take up space. It is important to think about how to size your actinidia every year in order to give it back peps but also to control its growth.
If your kiwi pleases at home and the right conditions are in place for its growth, it can grow quite uncontrolled and produce kiwi fruit in very large numbers. When buying a kiwi, you have to prepare for this kind of rapid evolution and fascinating.
The ideal environment for growing kiwi
The feet of kiwi or actinidia appreciate the light but also well drained and deep land, without too much rock garden. Actinidia loves fresh and rich humus, as if you put it in an undergrowth. Therefore, avoid rocky, limestone soils , which promote very difficult growth or even chlorosis of the plant.
To grow your kiwi well, avoid the full sun, as actinidia leaves will hardly appreciate grilling. An east or south-east exposure is ideal, taking care to put your feet away from any cold wind. Your actinidia will love the morning sun and shade in the afternoon.
Plant your nursery kiwi
To properly plant your actinidia, once you have purchased it in the nursery, you will need to create a hole for it deep where it will be much less cramped in height. The depth will play much more than the width of the hole.
The kiwi seedling from the nursery needs to be basinated so that its root system is well moist. Make a mixture of soil (from the hole) and ripe rich compost, which will serve to fill the hole once the clod has been deposited.
Place the clod and “tree”, making sure to bury the bottom of the stems that will cling to the palisade. Tilt the seedling slightly towards the support that is intended to accommodate the liana.
Fill the hole, tamp and water. Some twigs can be hung with strings very flexibly attached. It will take 3 to 5 years of growth before hoping to have kiwi fruit.
Palising to accommodate kiwi
Kiwi needs to find effective support in its growth, as it remains a liana provided and vigorous. You can opt for an arbor, a pergola, a wall or a wooden palisade. Choose a structure that can withstand the weight of lianas and branches later, because the plant in its entirety, along with fruits, will be very heavy and strong.
You can also install poles as in the adour kiwi crops, in order to make a structure that will not move so soon.
Kiwi growing tips
Gel and actinidia do not make good cleaning. It is therefore necessary to plan to tarp its plant at the time of flowering, and around the Saints de Glace, with a wintering veil. The more flowers you have, the more kiwi you will have. If the plant is very hardy, its flowers on the other hand will not stand the late, unexpected and sudden frost blow.
For watering your actinidia, the plant will need a lot of water. first year after the transfer from the nursery pot. In summer, mulch with good thickness at the foot of the plant. So your kiwi keeps your feet cool, everything he likes. Water regularly if you see that summer is too dry and rough.
Enriching the land in the fall will only do the greatest good to your actinidia. A mixture of compost and crushed horn will be ideal for restoring peps to the plant. Slightly scratching the surface of the soil, you make this nourishing mixture penetrate.
The size of actinidia
Finally, for the annual pruning of kiwi, it is in winter that it happens, of course. It is essentially a size that aims to clean, to do in December or January, out of frost periods. Dead branches, branches and stems can be cut flush. The size in green, meanwhile, can be made in July or August if you see that your actinidia is too unruly and goes in every way. By doing this, you will rebalance the growth of the plant and its ability to make fruit.
Remove the foodies at their base. As for the twigs carrying future fruits, cut them 4 leaves after the last fruits you see. This operation will allow the sap to go directly to where it is needed, without getting lost in the stem.
Harvest your own kiwi
Finally, the long-awaited kiwi harvest is done in the fall. If you have trimmed a little, your fruit will be bigger. Some regrowth may occur: then continue pruning, keeping only 2 or 3 leaves, in order to invigorate the tree well and reorient theeve.