For placing tools intended to maintain a garden, a garden shed remains the most suitable. In practice, the garden shed is flat roof and monopent, gardening materials will be well protected from weather such as rain or wind, care to be done will also be limited. In addition, the construction of the flat and single-roof garden sheds guarantees a monetary saving. A flat roof and monopent garden shed can be built by following the best practices mentioned below.
Plan de l'article
Tools to use :
- To build a garden shed with a flat and monopent roof, the following tools will be needed: Papers and a pencil that will be used to draw up the plan of the shelter. They will also be useful as a draft and for taking important notes.
- A shovel that will be useful for digging the land where the garden shed should be placed.
- Nails that will play the role of fixing between the various materials to be used. We’ll need flat head nails, screws and pulling screws.
- A hammer, a drill and a screwdriver that will be used for all three types of nails.
- A battens and fixing plates for the support of the garden shed.
- A tape measure for any measures to be taken.
- A false square to measure variable angles.
- Wooden rafters and poles for the construction itself.
- Concrete for the foundation.
- A ruler and a bucket of mason, a pipe wrench, a spirit level and a saw.
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Programming and plans to do
Before starting the construction of the garden shed, the first thing to do is the programming and plans. First of all, we will have to ask the town hall for the conjectural authorizations to be taken: the declaration of the project, the building permit, etc. Normally, if the shelter has 5 min 2 s months, no permission is required. It should also be remembered to refer to the urban planning plan in case other regulations are required. Then one will have to choose in the location of the garden shed, as well as its size in general. Finally, the revenue and expenditure required for the construction of the shelter will be taken into account. To do this, a quote will have to be prepared by evaluating the prices of materials, etc.
Develop the scheme of the garden shed
A flat, single-roof garden shed should be calculated in advance so as not to waste materials and energy. In this case, the papers and pencil will have to be taken and begin to draw up the scheme of the garden shed. This scheme should take into account the precise measurements that will be estimated later with the tape measure. For ease, it is recommended to take measures adapted to the size of the flat roof. Secondly, we will have to draw different planes of the shelter: the top plane, the inclined plane, the relief plane, etc. Then calculations are made concerning the layering of the plates: 20 to 30 cm for glazing, and an intersection of laces to cover the walls, which depends on the shape of the boards. It should also be noted in the paper that the roof must contain a slope so that rainwater can pass without entering the shelter. The angle must be leaning towards a distant direction from the door and also to the surrounding mansions. Finally, it will be noted that a plate will stand on two posts. In the case of roofing, a maximum interval of 1.39 m.
Once the project has been planned in theory, we will now have to move on to construction and the first thing to build remains the foundation of the garden shed. At first, it will be examined whether the floor intended to accommodate the shelter has the same level at any point. If this is not the case, it must be made united or carried out various digging measures. The quadrilateral suitable for the shelter is then measured, then digging at each right angle. After obtaining four holes, we continue to dig in the middle of the two breaches. For the corner reserved for the door, we’ll need to dig two holes. In the end, there are 9 openings. Subsequently, concrete is made in the mason bucket, which is put in each hole. We will need to know the amount of concrete required for each hole. As soon as the concrete has been placed, the fixing plates must be gently buried. All decks should be on the same height, the mason ruler will allow to check this height.
Realize the different structurations
The next step in the construction of the roofed and monopent garden shed is the establishment of the different structures. As a result, we will have to put poles on the four main corners that form the quadrilateral and starting from the highest to the lowest. We’ll have to make sure that the poles from the top have the same height as the bottom ones. Then we insert a pole having a length suitable for connecting the top pole with the bottom pole, usually a length between the two. When all the poles are fixed, we will have to operate on the placement of the beams, which we will lean on each edge of the pole. Then we’ll arrange spacers on each beam. At the level of the two lower posts and the top posts, a rafter will be placed on the already inclined beam. The spirit level will be able to analyze whether the rafter is well equal. Finally, it is necessary to immobilize the scatters by nails. To proceed with the reinforcement, one will have to join another rafter between the top and bottom, so we can reduce the distance between the boards. It is better if the new rafter is placed perpendicular and touching, the middle pole, so that the roof is firmly firm.
Perform the partitioning
The flat, single-roof garden shed has already taken shape and it lacks only the wall, door and roof. About the wall, it is necessary to decide for sheet metal plates or wooden plates, but the placement remains approximately the same. Indeed, we will have to place two layers of plates, the first one will serve as an inner wall and that will be horizontal while the second one will serve for the exterior and will be vertical. The first wall to be placed remains the one inside. For this, one will have to take a plate proportional to the distance of the two posts. If the plate is too large, you can take a saw and cut it. Then it is enough to fix this plate between the two posts with the help of a drill and nails, which must be drawers. It will also be necessary to fix them from above so that the plate remains motionless. We will then have to make the same movement for all still empty spaces of the garden shed, from bottom to top. After the walls from the inside have all been placed with a firm hand, the next operation will consist in the arrangement of the walls from the outside, vertically. The procedure remains the same, but this time the plates will be laid vertically, from a distance equal to the roof to the ground. The walls will also have to be affixed externally with those inside. This second wall aims to consolidate the garden shed. It will still be necessary to be careful not to forget about the space dedicated to the door and put a plate in it.
Putting the roof and door in place
The final phase will consist of the installation of the roof as well as the door. The roof will have to be flat and monopent. Therefore, the arrangement of the roof will begin from the bottom. The roof will have a larger size than the reinforcement, level of the ends. Long drawers will then be taken to keep the roof on the shelter. The next roof plate will have to be laid in the same way, always having wider ends. When the bottom roofs have been placed, we will gradually climb upwards by the same method. The ends of the top roof should not spread to the entrance, orthogonally to the door, but preferably when touching the bottom roof. In general, the ends should be 10-20 cm more than the right sides of the shelter and 15-20 cm more than the latitudinal sides. For the door, it will be necessary to reserve a suitable space for materials that will be placed inside the shelter. The door will be fixed with the help of drawers on one side only, the other as an opening.
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